myofascial pain syndrome treatment

What is Myofascial Pain Syndrome?

Myofascial pain syndrome (sometimes called chronic myofascial pain) is a disorder that causes muscle pain and stiffness. The issue stems from tightness and sensitivity in the myofascial tissues. This soft tissue is what supports and protects the muscles and organs throughout your body. When it tightens, it can cause pain in the muscles nearby as well as seemingly unrelated parts of your body.

What Causes Myofascial Pain?

The myofascial tissues can develop tight and sensitive areas as the result of injuries, repetitive strain, or stress-related muscle tension. But long after the initial cause has passed, myofascial pain will stick around, and it may continue getting worse.

Signs and Symptoms of Myofascial Pain Syndrome

Myofascial pain can take many forms and affect different areas of the body. It may start as knots in your muscles, reduced flexibility, or pain in your back, shoulders, legs, or hips. 

Here are some common symptoms:

  • Deep, aching muscle pain
  • Pain that won’t go away and gradually worsens
  • Persistent muscle knots
  • Trouble sleeping due to pain

How is Myofascial Pain Treated?

  • Dry needling: Involves poking trigger points with a needle to make them relax. It differs from acupuncture in the needles are repeatedly poked in and out, and it can be painful.
  • Trigger point injections: Involves injecting saline or a local anesthetic into the trigger points.

Medications: A variety of medications are used to ease symptoms. That includes anticonvulsants, muscle relaxants, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

Myofascial Release at Activa

Physiotherapy treatments at Activa can include myofascial release. This treatment is simple, painless, and non-invasive. It involves massaging trigger points to release tension and tightness and help return your muscular system to its proper alignment.

The process starts with gentle massage as the physiotherapist looks for areas of myofascial tissue that feel stiff. Once they find a stiff area, they’ll massage and stretch it until the tension is fully released.

In addition, our physiotherapists can create custom treatment plans that are tailored to your unique circumstances, preferences, and needs. A range of therapies can be included in your custom plan, including:

How to Prevent Myofascial Pain

Here are some tips to help you avoid myofascial pain or speed up your recovery if it does occur:

  • Pay more attention to proper posture
  • Lose weight
  • Maintain an active lifestyle
  • Eat well
  • Use stress-management techniques
  • Follow guidelines for avoiding injuries during sports and exercise

Book an Appointment

There’s no reason to continue dealing with chronic pain caused by myofascial issues. Treatments like myofascial release can relieve your pain, improve your range of motion, and solve dysfunctions in your muscular system.


  • 1. What is the best treatment for myofascial pain?

    The best treatment for myofascial pain is a combination of medications, physical or relaxation therapy and trigger point injections. Which combination will work for you depends on many factors. That is why it is important to see a clinician who has experience of treating myofascial pain. They will be able to properly assess your condition and come up with a plan that will meet your needs. The Activa Clinics team is here to help you to find the right therapist to treat your pain.

  • 2. What are the causes of myofascial pain syndrome?

    Myofascial pain syndrome is caused when one of the hyperirritable spots in the body´s skeletal muscular structure is damaged in some way. Usually, when a muscle is contracted repeatedly. It is a syndrome that bodybuilders, athletes and those that do repetitive tasks are prone to. Fortunately, it is treatable. But each case is different, so you need to see a properly trained therapist like the ones you can find at Activa Clinics.

  • 3. What muscles are affected by myofascial pain syndrome?

    All of the body´s major muscle groups can be affected by myofascial pain syndrome. In particular, the lower back, jaw, shoulder or neck. Where you feel the pain depends on which part of your body you subject to repetitive movement, over a long period of time. It can be treated, but it is a complex condition that requires a treatment plan that is tailored to your needs. Our specialists at the Activa Clinics can do that for you.

  • 4. What are the 4 signs of an impending heart attack?

    The 4 main signs of an impending heart attack are pains in your chest and some other areas of your body, feeling lightheaded and shortness of breath. You may feel tightness, pressure or squeezing in the center of your chest. Some people also feel a pain travelling along one or both arms. Pain can also occur in the neck, back, jaw or tummy. You may also sweat, experience shortness of breath, feel or be sick, become anxious and start coughing or wheezing.

  • 5. What does a mini heart attack feel like?

    A mini heart attack can feel like your chest is being squeezed, which can be painful. Sometimes you will feel discomfort in other areas of your upper body. For example, in the arms, back, neck or stomach. Some people´s jaw hurts. You may feel short of breath, sweaty, lightheaded or sick. You can have one or all of these symptoms and they may not feel that intense. But you should not ignore these signs because it may be a silent heart attack.

  • 6. What happens during a heart attack?

    During a heart attack, your heart is starved of blood and the oxygen it carries. This happens because one of the arteries that supplies blood to your heart becomes blocked. Without enough oxygen and nutrients, your heart muscle begins to die. That is why you should never ignore the symptoms. With the proper treatment, the underlying issue can be solved, and you can return to fitness.