A man having heart attack

What is Cardiovascular Disease?

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) encompasses many different conditions. It can involve a variety of issues with the heart and blood vessels. That includes stroke, heart failure, and abnormal heart rhythms.

What Causes Cardiovascular Disease?

Cardiovascular disease is a common issue. One study found that the average chance of developing CVD at some point in your life is over 50 percent. 

Some of the factors that put you at higher risk of developing CVD include:

  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • Inactivity
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • Blockages in the arteries
  • Poor sleeping habits
  • Stress
  • Excessive consumption of alcohol

Signs and Symptoms of Cardiovascular Disease

Since there are so many types of cardiovascular disease, the symptoms can vary. But here are some symptoms that are common among many cardiovascular issues:

  • Pain in the chest
  • Pain in the left shoulder
  • Pain or discomfort in the arms, elbows, jaw, or back
  • Cold sweats
  • Nausea
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness

How is Cardiovascular Disease treated?

There is a variety of treatments for cardiovascular disease, ranging from exercise programs and medications to open-heart surgery. Here’s some information on the different treatment options.

  • Cardiac Rehab Programs: provide lifestyle counselling and safe exercise that is designed for people with heart issues.  
  • Medications: Used to control cholesterol, increase blood flow, or regulate heart rhythm.
  • Surgery: Often used when a heart condition won’t respond to other treatments. It may include things like repairing heart valves, removing plaque from arteries, or implanting a pacemaker. 
  • Mental health therapy: Can help with stress management.

Physiotherapy for Cardiovascular Disease

Physiotherapists at Activa Clinics can create custom cardiac rehab plans that incorporate a range of services. These custom plans can help improve your heart health, speed up recovery, and reduce the chance for heart issues in the future. Some of the services available include:

Physiotherapists at Activa Clinics can create custom treatment plans that combine a variety of therapies. This lets them take a whole-body approach to treat arthritis and its associated issues. Just some of the ways they can help include:

How to Prevent Cardiovascular Disease

There are many ways to lower your risk for cardiovascular disease, including everything from getting regular check-ups to making healthier lifestyle choices. Here are a few of them:

  • Get your blood pressure checked regularly (at least once per year)
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Eat a proper diet. (Go for fruit, vegetables, and grains. Avoid saturated fats, added sugars, and sodium)
  • Exercise regularly
  • If you have multiple risk factors or have had heart issues, consider getting help with a cardiac rehab program.

Book an Appointment

With our whole-body approach to healing, we can identify how CVD is impacting your overall health and wellness. We can use a range of advanced diagnostics to help us get a clear picture of your condition. Since CVD can take many forms and affect you in a variety of ways, our experience diagnosing these issues is invaluable.

Once we uncover the source and impacts caused by your CVD, we’ll create a custom plan to solve your issues. Our custom plans can incorporate a variety of treatment options to provide the best solution for you.


  • 1. What Are the 4 Most Common Cardiovascular Diseases?

    The most common cardiovascular disease is coronary artery disease (CAD), congestive heart failure, arrhythmia, and valvular heart disease. You can reduce your risk of developing all of these conditions by following a healthy eating regime, not smoking, and exercising regularly. Looking after your mental health will help too.

  • 2. What Are Three Warning Signs or Symptoms of Cardiovascular Disease?

    There are far more than 3 warning signs or symptoms of cardiovascular disease. Plus, which ones you will experience depends largely on what type of heart disease you are suffering from. You need to seek medical help if you are short of breath, feel pressure or pain in the chest, feel fatigued for no reason, or have circulation problems. Pain, numbness or weakness in the limbs, neck, jaw, throat, upper abdomen or back can also be a sign of heart disease.

  • 3. What Are the Warning Signs of Clogged Arteries?

    The warning signs of clogged arteries vary greatly. It depends on which part of the body is being affected. If the arteries in your lower back are becoming blocked you might experience pain in your legs, cramp, and circulation problems. Whereas if the arteries around your heart are becoming clogged, angina and chest pains could be the first warning sign. Exercise and eating a healthy diet will reduce your risk. Having your cholesterol checked regularly will help you to spot this problem early.