What is Chronic Pain?

Chronic pain is defined as any pain that lasts for three months or longer. It can come in many forms, such as headaches, joint pain, and back pain. Normally, pain is your body’s way of letting you know something is wrong. When you get injured, pain signals travel from the injured part of your body to your brain. But chronic pain is different. It can stick around long after you’ve healed, or not be connected to an injury at all.

What Causes Chronic Pain?

Sometimes chronic pain arises following an injury, surgery, or infection. Even after the physical issue heals, sometimes the pain can stick around due to psychological reasons.

Other times, chronic pain is the result of an ongoing issue like arthritis or fibromyalgia. And in some cases, the source may not be clear.

There are a few factors that increase your risk of developing chronic pain, such as being overweight, smoking, or having depression. Women are also at a higher risk than men of developing chronic pain. 

Signs and Symptoms of Chronic Pain

When you’re suffering from chronic pain, it causes stress on your body and can affect your mental health. This can lead to a range of other symptoms. Some examples include:

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Relationship problems
  • Loss of sex drive
  • Drug abuse
  • Suicidal thoughts

In addition, if you change the way you move to accommodate your chronic pain, it can lead to joint pain or muscle strains in other areas.

How is Chronic Pain treated?

Since the possible causes of chronic pain are so diverse, a wide variety of therapies are used to treat it.

  • Physiotherapy: Can relieve pain and solve physical limitations caused by chronic pain.
  • Medications: Anti-inflammatory drugs, opioids, and muscle relaxants can provide some relief from chronic pain.
  • Mental health counselling: Can help with the mental health issues that arise from chronic pain, and help with pain management.
  • Acupuncture: Can boost your body’s natural painkillers and stimulate healing.

Physiotherapy for Chronic Pain at Activa

Our physiotherapists can identify the root of chronic pain and create a treatment plan to solve it. The plan can involve a combination of different treatments and services including:

How to Prevent Chronic Pain

One of the best ways to prevent chronic pain is to not ignore pain when it first appears. Whether you’ve been injured or have unexplained pain, getting it checked out can prevent it from becoming more serious.

Another preventative measure is to reduce your risk factors, which include stress, poor diet, smoking, and inadequate sleep.

Book an Appointment

Don’t continue to live in pain. Our dedicated and knowledgeable healthcare providers will help you figure out the cause and solve it.


  • 1. Is Cervical Osteoarthritis a Disability?

    Yes, chronic pain is categorized as a chronic disease. Any medical issue that lasts longer than normal is seen as being a chronic issue. The underlying cause of your long-term pain will be diagnosed. Often, it will turn out to be an ongoing condition like migraine, arthritis, or fibromyalgia. Once diagnosed managing your pain will become easier.

  • 2. What Are the 4 Types of Pain?

    Nociceptive pain is typically caused by tissue damage. It is the most common of the 4 types of pain. Inflammatory pain is next on the list.

    It occurs when there is too much inflammation in the body.

    Someone with rheumatoid arthritis will experience inflammatory pain.

    The third type is neuropathic pain which occurs when a nerve is damaged or overstimulated.

    Functional pain is when someone suffers pain without there being an obvious biological cause.

  • 3. What Is the Best Drug for Chronic Pain?

    There is no one “best” drug for chronic pain. Which one will be most effective depends on the underlying cause. Often, simply taking a painkiller will not be enough to provide relief. For example, if you are suffering from inflammatory pain, you will also need to take drugs that work to reduce the actual inflammation to be able to get relief.